Here is a code to get md5 signature for a text


public static String MD5(String text)
throws NoSuchAlgorithmException, UnsupportedEncodingException {
MessageDigest md;
md = MessageDigest.getInstance("MD5");
byte[] md5hash = new byte[32];
md.update(text.getBytes("iso-8859-1"), 0, text.length());
md5hash = md.digest();
return convertToHex(md5hash);
}

private static String convertToHex(byte[] data) {
StringBuffer buf = new StringBuffer();
for (int i = 0; i < data.length; i++) {
int halfbyte = (data[i] >>> 4) & 0x0F;
int two_halfs = 0;
do {
if ((0 <= halfbyte) && (halfbyte <= 9))
buf.append((char) ('0' + halfbyte));
else
buf.append((char) ('a' + (halfbyte - 10)));
halfbyte = data[i] & 0x0F;
} while(two_halfs++ < 1);
}
return buf.toString();
}


Here is code in perl


use Digest::MD5 qw(md5_hex);
my $digest = md5_hex($text);

This is 20+ lines vs. 3 lines. Java seems to make everything over-object-oriented. Why do I need to getInstance(), update and then call digest() to just get the md5 of the string?

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